46th Street Wetlands Restoration (2008-2009)
Location: 46th St & Colley Ave, Norfolk, VA
Objective: Restore a highly eroded marsh by removing rubble and installing a “living shoreline;” replant with native grasses and shrubs to improve the health of the wetlands, enhance the wildlife habitat and increase plant diversity.
- Large pieces of concrete rubble were removed
- Coir logs (bio-logs) were installed with sand backfill to recreate a viable elevation for marsh grasses; goose-fencing installed to deter predation by geese
- The area was replanted with native wetland grasses and an upland buffer zone of native shrubs
- Educational signage was erected to explain the restoration process
- Horticultural expertise from the Hermitage Gardens.
Funding (total budget $7,638):
- Virginia Environmental Endowment, the Chesapeake Bay Restoration Fund, and the Highland Park Civic League all contributed funds to this effort
Talbot Hall Wetland Grass Planting (2010)
Location: Shoreline on the south side of the property owned by the Episcopal Diocese of Southern Virginia (west end of Talbot Hall Road).
Objective: Re-establish wetland grasses on approximately 1,000 sf of sand beach in order to prevent erosion.
- The Episcopal group “Caring for Creation” led the project.
- Plugs of the marsh grass Spartina alterniflora were installed along the shore.
- LWP assisted with project planning and volunteer recruitment for the planting day.
Funding: The Episcopal Diocese of Southern Virginia, “Caring for Creation” provided funding.
51st Street and Killam Avenue Wetland Restoration/Larchmont Elementary School Wetland Restoration (2010)
Location: The two projects are across from one another in Colley Bay – one is located at the intersection of 51st Street and Killam Avenue; the other is directly behind Larchmont Elementary School (1145 Bolling Ave).
Objective: Restore wetland vegetation to an eroded mudflat.
Summary: The projects were planned concurrently.
- LWP had primary responsibility for the work in the Highland Park neighborhood
- The Phytoplankton Lab at Old Dominion University planned the Larchmont project
- Coir logs (bio-logs) were installed with sand backfill to recreate a viable elevation for marsh grasses; goose-fencing installed to deter predation by geese, and native grasses were installed along the shore
- Larchmont Elementary School,
- Old Dominion University Phytoplankton Lab
- City of Norfolk
Funding (total approx. $5,000):
- Norfolk Wetlands Board provided a $4,000 grant
- Highland Park Civic League contributed an additional $1,000.
47th Street Wetland Restoration and Rain Garden (2011-2016)
Location: 47th Street and Colley Avenue, Norfolk, VA
- Restore an eroded “pocket wetland” at the eastern end of 47th Street by raising the elevation of the intertidal area with sand and replanting with native march grasses.
- Protect the restoration from storm water runoff by planting high marsh grasses and shrubs and installing a “rain garden” in the upland area.
- Concrete rubble and the non-native Common Reed (Phragmites australis) were removed
- Sand was used to create the proper elevation and growing medium for new wetland grasses. Spartina alterniflora was planted in the intertidal zone.
- High marsh shrubs and grasses were planted to protect against erosion and runoff.
- A large “rain garden” was created in the upland area with native grasses, flowering perennials, shrubs and trees to absorb the excessive rain water run-off from 47th Street and adjacent parking lots
- Educational signage was erected to explain the rain garden concept and the restoration process
- An “Oysterberg” (need link to that page) reef was installed inside “mean low water” as an experiment in oyster cultivation as well as protection from wind driven waves (2015)
- The Highland Park Civic League installed a rip rap on the north side of the wetland to slow storm water runoff (2016).
- Horticultural expertise from the Virginia Tech Agricultural Research and Extension Center and the Norfolk Master Gardeners.
- Many plants were donated by Norfolk Master Gardeners, the Virginia Tech Agricultural and Research Center, and others.
- The City of Norfolk donated mulch and compost.
- A contractor removed asphalt that was under a portion of the rain garden area as an in-kind donation.
- Long term stewardship commitment from Second Presbyterian Church (adjacent property) and Temple Israel.
Funding (total $4,492):
- Rain garden: $1,470 for plants (Elizabeth River Project $500, Donations $300, LWP $670).
- Wetland Restoration: $2,022. The Norfolk Wetlands Board provided $1,000, and the remainder was provided by the Highland Park Civic League and private donations.
- Rip rap installation: $1,000. The Norfolk Rotary provided a $1,000 grant.
Riverview Restored Wetland (2011-2013)
Location: Corner of Columbus & Holly Avenues, adjacent to the east side of Tanners Landing Condominium.
Objective: Restore a marsh inlet that was heavily overgrown with Phragmites australis at its head, had no protection from storm water runoff from the newly constructed condominium, and had evidence of erosion and loss of intertidal plants along its length.
- Concrete rubble and the non-native Common Reed (Phragmites australis) were removed from the shoreline
- The intertidal area was elevated with sand and re-planted with Spartina alterniflora.
- The high marsh and upland areas were planted with grasses, shrubs and trees to protect water quality and add beauty to the area.
- Jeremy Jones, a Riverview resident, brought the project to the attention of the Partnership. He served as the Project Leader throughout two phases of work; his family was actively involved in the plantings; and he recruited neighborhood participation.
- The City of Norfolk removed large chunks of concrete debris.
- Long term stewardship commitment from Jeremy Jones. Steve Sparks, a member of the Board of the Tanners Landing Condominium, also provides monitoring and clean-up support.
Funding (total budget $5,894):
- The project was supported by grants from the Chesapeake Bay Trust and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).
Fairmount Park Phragmites Control (2012)
Location: Northwest corner of Pope and Somme Avenues, Fairmount Park neighborhood.
Objective: Transform a drainage area full of Phragmites australis into a thriving native planting that also helps filter storm water runoff.
- Phragmites was treated and an area of about 0.33 acres was planted with 250 native plants.
- The entire neighborhood turned out for the work days: Scout troops, youth groups, the civic league, neighbors.
Partners: LWP collaborated with the Fairmount Park Civic league.
Riverpoint Playground Wetlands Restoration (2014-2017)
Location: 6050 Newport Avenue, Norfolk, VA
Objective: Remove the invasive non-native Common Reed (Phragmites australis) from the park’s shoreline; replant with native grasses and shrubs to improve the health of the wetlands, enhance the wildlife habitat and increase plant diversity. Use educational signage to create a “teaching site.”
- 500 linear feet of shoreline wetlands was restored with over 7,000 plugs of a large variety native wetlands grasses
- Project expanded to also plant over 200 native shrubs and trees in the upland areas of the park.
- Educational signage erected to explain the environmental benefits of the native species planted
- The shrubs and trees were donated by Riverpoint residents, the City of Norfolk, and a grant through Friends of Norfolk’s Environment (FONE).
Funding (total budget $6,200):
- Financial support from LWP ($250), Riverpoint Civic League ($250), neighbors ($600), Elizabeth River Project ($500) and the Norfolk Wetlands Board ($4,500).
Knitting Mill Creek Buffer and Walkway (2016)
Location: West section of Mayflower Rd, between New York Ave and Connecticut Avenue (walkway along the eastern side of Knitting Mill Creek)
Objective: Install native plants and a pedestrian pathway along a narrow green space that was highly compacted, bare and eroded earth.
- Project was recommended by the “Green Infrastructure” study funded by a $60,000 EPA grant awarded to the LWP in partnership with the City of Norfolk.
- A walkway of clam shell and stone dust was installed as well as large beds of native plants in a 6,900 square foot green space between Mayflower Drive and the bulkhead.
- The Colonial Place/Riverview Civic League approved the location as one of its “Adopt-A-Spot” locations.
- Expertise from the Norfolk Master Gardeners, the City of Norfolk, the Elizabeth River Project, and the Virginia Tech Agricultural Research and Extension Center.
Financial support (total budget $16,300):
- Chesapeake Bay Restoration Fund ($5,000), the City of Norfolk ($8,775), and the Elizabeth River Project ($2,525).